sour, slightly warm
Text in which first appeared:
Divine Husbandman’s Classic of the Materia Medica
Actions and Indications:
Stabilizes the Kidneys and retains the essence: for leakage of fluids due to weak essence with such symptoms as excessive urination, incontinence, spermatorrhea, and excessive sweating
Stops excessive sweating and supports that which has collapsed: for excessive sweating, especially in cases of devastated yang and collapsed qi, as in shock.
Tonifies and augments the Liver and Kidneys: for Liver and Kidney deficiency with such symtptoms as lighheadedness, dizziness, sore and weak lower back and knees, or impotence. This herb both tonifies the essence and assists the yang.
Stabilizes the menses and stops bleeding: for deficiency patterns of excessive uterine bleeding and prolonged menstruation. It has only a weak effect on the bleeding.
With Fructus Rosae Laevigate (jin ying zi) for spermatorrhea or premature ejaculation.
With Os Draconis (long gu), Concha Ostreae (mu li), Radix Lateralis Carmichaeli Preparata (fu zi), and Radix Ginseng (ren shen) for profuse sweating due to devastated yang.
Radix Astragali Membranacei (huang qi) and Radix Codonopsitis Pilosulae (dang shen) for spontaneous sweating usually resulting from yang or qi deficiency.
With Radix Angelicae Sinensis (dang gui) and Radix Rehmanniae Glutinosae Conquitae (shu di huang) for night sweats due to yin deficiency.
With Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis (wu wei zi) for spermatorrhea, abnormal sweating, palpitations, and shortness of breath due to yin and yang deficiency of both the Liver and Kidneys.
With Radix Rehmanniae Glutinosae Conquitae (shu di huang) and Radix Dioscoreae Oppositae (shan yao) for urinary frequency (during the day and night), dizziness, tinnitus, lower back pain, and other symptoms associated with Kidney deficiency. Add GElatinum Cornu Cervi (bu jiao jiao) and Fructus Psoraleae Corylifoliae (bug u zhi) for impotence and premature ejaculation due to Kidney yang deficiency.
With Os Sepiae seu Sepiellae (hai piao xiao), Radix Rubiae Cordifoliae (qian cao gen), and charred Fibra Stipulae Trachycarpi (zong lu tan) for thin, pale, profuse uterine bleeding that either gushes or continually trickles out due to instability of the penetrating vessel.
With Cortex Eucommiae Ulmoidis (du zhong) and Radix et Caulils Jixueteng (ji xue teng) for hypertension due to Liver and Kidney deficiency.
Cautions and Contraindications:
Contraindicated in cases with painful and difficult urination or those with damp- heat. According to some traditional sources, this herb antagonizes Radix Platycodi Grandiflori (jie geng), Radix Ledebouriellae Divaricatae (fang ji). See Toxicity below.
Major Known Ingredients:
verbanalin, saponins, morroniside, 7- o- methylmorroniside, loganin, cornusiin A and B, ursolic acid, tannin, vitamin A
Pharmacological & Clinical Research:
Antibiotic effect: Decoctions of Fructus Corni Officinalis (shan zhu yu) have shown an in vitro inhibitory effect and lowered blood pressure with little effect on serum glucose.
This herb has very low toxicity. When given to various animals no signs of toxicity were noted except increased congestion of the gastic mucosa. It had no effect on rabbit conjunctiva. Fructus Corni Officinalis (shan zhu yu) also has a very low incidence of side effects and is a mild parasympathomimetic.